Wondering how India’s government staffing agencies conduct selection of the deserving candidates in a fair manner out of the thousands applying against each job?
The Union Government and various state governments in India have developed a system for selection and recruitment to ensure fair process and identify meritorious candidates for each post. The central government has established various agencies like UPSC and Staff Selection Commission for selection of prospective candidates to fill jobs in its offices, while some states such as National Capital Territory of Delhi and Uttar Pradesh have their own recruiting agencies, viz., DSSSB and UPPSC respectively.
SSC, the Central Staffing Agency for Group B & C staff selection:
Staff Selection Commission was established in 1976 under the Ministry of Personnel & Training, Govt. of India for conduction recruitment examination and preparation of rank list of Group C non technical & Group B technical and non technical, non gazetted candidates to be recruited for various central government offices situated across the country. Initially the name was Subordinate Service Commission but was later changed to Staff Selection Commission, and at present the Commission conducts recruitment examinations for vacant positions in various ministries, departments and directorates, the offices of Comptroller and Auditor General of India and its Accountant General offices, Election Commission and Central Vigilance Commission. The Staff Selection Commission has nine Regional Offices nationwide, located at Bangalore, Chennai, Allahabad, Guwahati, New Delhi, Kolkata and Mumbai and sub-regional offices at Raipur and Chandigarh.
The SSC is the largest recruiting agency in the country that conducts its examinations in a routine manner through regional directorates situated at various parts of the country. The commission (SSC) has its head office in New Delhi and there are nine regional offices designated to conduct administration of the Commission’s operations.
Since inception the Commission has successfully selected tens of thousands of candidates to various central Ministries, Directorates and offices.
Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission (UPPSC): Every Indian state has its own PSC which is an Authority under Article 315 of the Constitution for carrying out the staff selection and to advice the respective government on staff matters. Established in 1937 under the Government of India Act 1935 and regulated by Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission Regulation, 1976, the UPPSC is the one conducts highest volume of recruitments considering the number of recruitments conducted every year. Like Union Public Service Commission at the centre, UPPSC has certain constitutional advisory powers vested in it by the Constitution of India. The UPPSC conducts administration of recruitments using internet and by following one of the unequivocal practices in a state where there are several controversies around the rest of its bureaucracy.
Delhi Subordinate Service Selection Board (DSSSB)
Unlike state governments which are helped by the Public Service Commission of the respective state, Delhi administration gets the senior posts filled by Union Public Service Commission, but the subordinate positions in its departments and Directorates are filled by DSSSB recruitment operation. DSSSB recruitments are conducted by following fair practice providing equal opportunities to all eligible residents. Vacancy advertisements and competitive examinations are conducted under strict surveillance to avoid touts and unwanted elements.
Despite the variety in the constitution of each government recruiting agencies, the system of conduct of selection is more or less uniform for UPSC, SSC and various state PSCs. The system comprise of detailed, lengthy and mandatory steps like requisition for creation of post, job description, approval of post, reporting to selection agency, compilation of similar posts, advertisement, receipt of online application, procedure for fee collection, scrutiny of application, preparation of examination material, administration of centres of examination, conduct of examination, evaluation, short listing and communicating. In most cases the Commission’s responsibility fulfils with publication of rank list after conduct of interview, as the case may be. The final recruitment and induction of the candidates is done by the respective departments.